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Ron Keller wrote:

Aloha Nui O Ka Kao,

Since you're in the Pacific I thought a little Hawaiian would be appropriate. The expression above basically means, "Hi how are you." I grew up in Hawaii and did lots of snorkeling and a little underwater photography. At the time, 1971-75, I was a U.S. Navy Photographer. Now I'm a photographer with the New Mexico state government's museum system and do lots of freelance editorial and ad work. Anyway...

Since I've done a little underwater work, my question is based on that little bit of experience. How do you get around the limitations imposed by using wide angle lenses on digital cameras, as most of these cameras require an extreme wide angle to get a modest wide angle effect? And as far as I can tell "the wider the better," in underwater work. Also, does the refraction effect underwater pose any special problems working with digital imagery in the underwater realm?

Looking forward to seeing some images!!!

All the best,
Ron Keller

Jeff Foott: You can only do what you can do! You are painfully right. The integrity of the wide angles are compromised making them less wide angle than they would be in 35mm. The other side of that is that the long lenses get to be more telephoto. It is extremely important to use a dome port with digital underwater to keep the wide angle as wide as possible. As you are aware, a flat port eliminates some of the wide angle.

This is my first digital shoot. I love it and I hate it. The gear is still fairly primitive. There are only a few housing choices for these cameras. And there's a delayed response from pressing the shutter until the actual exposure; consequently shooting moving fish, etc. is a nightmare. The advantages over film are wonderful; going down with 100-plus image possibilities and the ability to view what you just shot in seconds, allows me to edit and correct on the spot.

Not sure what sort of refraction you are referring to, but haven't had any such problems.

Glad you are checking out our site!!

Jeff Foott

Capricious Winds and Palmyra Contemplations — Page 2

It is still raining. Three dogs, two cats, and an army of black rats are the only non-human mammals living on Palmyra. The two dogs, Tutu and Floppy are shark-hunters, evident by the nips and scars on their cheeks and under their chins. They are also celebrity dogs after their photographs appeared in National Geographic last March.

"Tutu and Floppy will leave for days at a time on their excursions," says Tara Holitzki, hostess of Palmyra, who knows the dogs best.

"Last year, fishermen picked up the two of them out on the Eastern lagoon where they were sharking, having a great 'ole time. They had to swim through the cuts in the islets and traverse a lot of country, not to mention navigate their way through the lagoons to get all the way out there.

By the time they got back, they were pretty beat up with coral cuts on their feet and little puncture wounds on their lips, but they were so happy. They just love it, especially Tutu, part German shepherd, who sits in the shallows and picks the sharks out of the water. Floppy, the black and white pit bull, chases them. They don't take Dadu, the third dog, because sharks scare him. Rats are his thing."

Tutu -- who belonged to the previous caretaker, Roger, who lived on Palmyra for six years -- is under contract with The Nature Conservancy. He can stay on the island until he dies. Floppy needs to be looking for another home. As does, Dadu, who was left behind on the island by "yachties" because he was so seasick.

Dadu has stolen my heart. He looks like the reservation dogs I knew in Navajo country. He is skinny and blonde with a black muzzle, short hair, and big, bulging eyes and radar ears that stand straight up. Each night, we sit on the lanai and watch the manta rays and mullet swim in the shallows. I know he is looking for sharks with a longing to hunt them, but he is afraid, afraid of the water that made him so sick, and so he whimpers as he runs back and forth along the storm wall, wishing he was a great shark-hunter like Tutu.

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